Of possible relevance to this thread and of interest to the group:
How Britain Discarded Women Technologists and Lost Its Edge in Computing
2017; MIT Press
How Britain lost its early dominance in computing by systematically
discriminating against its most qualified workers: women.
In 1944, Britain led the world in electronic computing. By 1974, the
British computer industry was all but extinct. What happened in the
intervening thirty years holds lessons for all postindustrial
superpowers. As Britain struggled to use technology to retain its
global power, the nation's inability to manage its technical labor
force hobbled its transition into the information age.
In Programmed Inequality, Mar Hicks explores the story of labor
feminization and gendered technocracy that undercut British efforts
to computerize. That failure sprang from the government's systematic
neglect of its largest trained technical workforce simply because
they were women. Women were a hidden engine of growth in high
technology from World War II to the 1960s. As computing experienced
a gender flip, becoming male-identified in the 1960s and 1970s,
labor problems grew into structural ones and gender discrimination
caused the nation's largest computer user -- the civil service and
sprawling public sector -- to make decisions that were disastrous for
the British computer industry and the nation as a whole.
Drawing on recently opened government files, personal interviews,
and the archives of major British computer companies, Programmed
Inequality takes aim at the fiction of technological meritocracy.
Hicks explains why, even today, possessing technical skill is not
enough to ensure that women will rise to the top in science and
technology fields. Programmed Inequality shows how the disappearance
of women from the field had grave macroeconomic consequences for
Britain, and why the United States risks repeating those errors
in the twenty-first century.