Post by Quadibloc Post by email@example.com
Note that Watson Sr copied a lot of customs from
It's right there in the name of the company.
NCR was nation-wide in scope, "National".
IBM was world-wide in scope, "International".
NCR sold cash registers.
IBM sold every kind of business machine, not just cash registers, but also time
clocks, weighing scales, typewriters, and punched card tabulating equipment!
The product lines of both companies varied over their
long history. But until computers came along, I don't
believe IBM was in competition with NCR.
As far as I know, NCR was mostly cash registers and
accounting machines (which were basically glorified
registers with more accumulators). I guess in the
1950s NCR decided to get into computers and tabulator
machines. It did market card sorters and such. It
did 'soup up' its cash registers (bitsavers has stuff).
I don't believe IBM ever had the 'cash register style'
accounting machine that NCR offered--IBM was into
the more sophisticated punched card system. NCR's
chief competitor in that line was Burroughs, which
had a big line of accounting and adding machines.
(Please correct me if I'm wrong.)
I don't believe IBM offered cash registers early on. Indeed,
in the US NCR had a near monopoly on the market. There
were a few competitors such as Ohmer, SCM, Burroughs,
and Monroe-Sweda. Today, I see cash registers (oops,
"point of sale terminals") with the IBM logo, but
people say it's really Toshiba.
IBM's weighing scales was sold off pretty early to Hobart.
During anti-trust proceedings, IBM made a point that it
was not in all lines of business. While it had a strong
presence in tabulating machines, it did not offer
adding machines and many other business systems used
for accounting, which was true.
IBM bought a typewriter company circa 1940. I think
it exploded in that market only after WW II when
it developed newer streamlined machines, and then
later the Selectric.
IBM Mag Card 1974
Previously posted here were links to Burroughs and NCR
accounting machines. Neat ads.